ASTM D 1014-2018 “Outdoor Exposure Test for Menacing Paints and Coatings on Metal Substrates”

Meaning and Purpose
4.1 The procedures described in this specification are intended to assist in the evaluation of coating performance on a variety of metal panels, including new or rusted steel.

4.2 Due to differences in solar radiation, wet time, temperature, contaminants, and other factors, the relative durability of paint during outdoor exposure may vary considerably depending on the location of the exposure. Therefore, it cannot be assumed that the results of a single exposure at a single location will help determine the relative durability of different locations. Exposure is recommended at multiple sites with different climates that represent a wide range of expected service conditions.

4.2.1 Due to annual climate variability, the results of a single exposure test cannot be used to predict the absolute rate of material degradation. It takes several years of repeated exposure to obtain an “average” test result for a given location.

4.2.2 Solar radiation varies greatly with the time of year. This can lead to large differences in apparent degradation rates for many polymers. It is not recommended to compare results for materials exposed for a short period of time (less than one year) unless the materials were exposed at the same location at the same time.

4.3 Meaning and Use of G7 in practice addresses many of the variables that need to be considered in external exposure testing. Guide G141 provides more information on variability in aging tests.

ASTM D 1014-2018 “Outdoor Exposure Test for Menacing Paints and Coatings on Metal Substrates”

Scope of
1.1 This practice covers the procedures to be followed when exposing external paints and coatings directly to metal surfaces. When the sponsor actual exposure of the aging test is carried out by a separate agency, the specific conditions for testing and controlling the exposure of the specimen should be clearly defined and mutually agreed upon by the parties.

1.2 Experience has shown that the metal used as a test substrate has a significant impact on weathering results. The aim of this practice is to define specific steel and other metal surfaces for testing in order to minimize this source of variability.

1.3 Values expressed in SI units shall be regarded as standards. The values given in parentheses are for reference only.

1.4 This standard is not intended to address all safety issues, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health and environmental practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory restrictions prior to use.

1.5 This international Standard has been developed in accordance with the internationally recognized standardization principles established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guidelines and Recommendations issued by the Committee on Technical Barriers to Trade of the World Trade Organization.

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